Greeting the Storm Spirit: Ascending Mt. Washington, NH

September 21st, 20122:01 pm @

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Hiker ascends Tuckerman Ravine

About two hours of hiking on a moderately inclined trail. This was going to be a piece of cake. Right.

Here’s a tip for any would-be hikers out there.  Don’t trust the Internet.

The trouble is anyone can post anything they want to on the Internet, and if it meets the criteria of Google’s algorithm it can be driven to the top of the search engine rankings, laying in wait there like a coiled snake, ready to strike the foolish boob who types in something harmless like, “Great hiking in New Hampshire.”

I got Tuckerman Ravine Trail, described as “one of the shortest, most scenic, and most popular trails to the summit” of Mt. Washington.  Short, scenic, popular.  In my mind that translated to, “About two hours of hiking on a moderately inclined trail accompanied by lots of people walking their dogs.”  And only 4.2 miles! This was going to be a piece of cake.  Right.

Mt. Washington, NH

At 6,288 feet Mt. Washington is the highest point in the northeastern United States. And it boasts the worst weather in the nation.

Overkill?

Here are some things you should know about Mt. Washington before heading out on this leisurely hike.  At 6,288 feet Mt. Washington is the highest point in the northeastern United States.  After the first two miles, the Tuckerman Ravine Trail suddenly gains in elevation about 3,000 feet, taking you from a brisk amble to rigorous hand-over-hand climbing across a treacherous boulder-strewn landscape.  At its summit, Mt. Washington boasts the worst weather in the United States, with recorded wind speeds of 231 mph, and it’s cold.  The temperature difference between base and summit is often in excess of 40 degrees.

Lower portion of Tuckerman Ravine trail

In the beginning there was nothing to it. The trail wound along through a pretty woodland setting.

I headed out in a T-shirt and cargo shorts with a single bottle of water tucked into a side pocket.  I should’ve known something was amiss when I saw other hikers hefting alloy frame hydration packs and fitting goggles to their faces.  But let’s face it, people overdo it.  How many suburban moms drive SUVs to the supermarket?  SUVs designed to conquer Mt. McKinley.  Overkill, I thought.  Conspicuous consumption.  I was wrong.

Top Ten Deadliest

In the beginning there was nothing to it.  The trail wound along through a pretty woodland setting featuring closely set red spruce and balsam fir.  It was 83 degrees and the sun was shining.

View across a pond near the halfway point of Tuckerman Trail to the bowl of Tuckerman Ravine.

View across a pond near the halfway point to the bowl of Tuckerman Ravine. Click any picture to enlarge.

About ten minutes in I could hear the rush and tumble of the Cutler River and just beyond that the trees parted to reveal a two-tiered cascade, the first chute dumping into a frenetic stream which passed under a foot bridge and plunged down the second.   Nice, I thought.  I saw a man walking his dog.

Further on, the character of the trail began to morph.  What had been a dirt path intermittently strewn with rocks became a rock path here and there laced with dirt.  Then it became all rocks.  But these rocks were manageable for anyone with a spring in his step, about the size of throw pillows, scattered helter-skelter.  Nothing to it.  I kept going.

Snowed in weather station on the peak of Mt. Washington, NH

Temperatures at the peak of Mt. Washington can descend to -50 degrees farenheit. It snows year round here.

I had scheduled three hours for this hike and fully expected to summit in 90 minutes.  I was in good physical shape, well rested, and game.  I had hiked mountains higher than this many times and considered the overwrought way other hikers had geared up for this laughable – so much gear!

Little did I know that I was climbing one of the 10 most dangerous mountains in the world, ranked right up there with Everest, Denali and K2.

The website GearJunkie.com has this to say about Mt. Washington:

Mt. Washington in 1860 looking north.

Even in 1860, climbing Mt. Washington was considered quite a feat. Here a man stands at the summit looking north.

“To experience a killer mountain a little closer to home, look no further than this New Hampshire peak. The rapidly shifting weather, hurricane force winds, and summer ice pellets scouring this slope have claimed more than 100 lives. Temperatures at the peak can descend to -50 degrees Farenheit. In fact, the strongest wind gust ever measured on Earth was recorded on this peak, a gale of 231 mph.”

I stopped to take a sip of water and check my fingernails.  They were getting sort of long.  I was going to have to clip them when I got back.  I kept going.

The Place of the Storm Spirit

The Indians called it “the place of the storm spirit” and dared not ascend it.  Europeans, however, felt no such compunction and in 1642 an Irish ferry pilot named Darby Field made the first ascent.  Others came after him.  In 1784 the mountain got its name, nestled in the so called Presidential range it was deemed Mt. Washington and stood preeminent among its neighbors, Mt. Adams, Mt. Jefferson and Mt. Monroe.

Hikers ascending toward The Headwall of Tuckerman Ravine.

Hikers ascending toward The Headwall of Tuckerman Ravine.

Frigid winds from the north careen through these peaks, colliding with moist weather systems from the Atlantic coast and dying storm tracks from gulf, making for a potent stew.  Winds exceeding hurricane force occur an average of 110 days per year.  Snowfalls at the summit occur year round, even in July and August.

Perhaps it was this novelty that drew Ethan Allen Crawford to the summit in 1826 where he built a house, which lasted five years before a storm blew it apart.  Most importantly, Crawford also laid out a bridle path to the summit, which became the first mountain hiking trail in the United States.  Being an avid hiker and student of history, I was on hallowed ground.  But I didn’t know it.  I was just heading along, oblivious.

Malcolm Logan at The Headwall of Tuckerman Ravine on Mt. Washington, NH

Malcolm Logan at The Headwall of Tuckerman Ravine on Mt. Washington, NH. I thought I was almost finished. But I was just getting started.

The rock strewn trail was slow-going but manageable.  I caught up and passed several other hikers. For me, hiking is a form of exercise and I like to get after it.  I don’t do a lot of standing around, communing with nature.  On Mt. Washington, piking along through dappled sunlight, passing through corridors of paper birch and mountain ash, my blood was up and I was perspiring.  I hardly noticed that the temperature was falling.

From Hiking to Climbing

At the halfway point there’s a small hiker’s store and a hand pump for drawing water.  I could’ve stopped and replenished my supply, but I blew it off.  I was making good time and I had six ounces left in the bottle.  At this pace, I would be on top of the mountain in another 45 minutes.

Right after the halfway point, however, the character of the trail changed.  It became narrower and rockier.  At points it heaved upward in 45-degree pitches of seven feet or more, requiring careful hand-over-hand negotiation.  As I made my way along, these intervals became longer and more frequent until I was passing winded hikers, standing off to one side, mopping their brows and drinking hungrily from their water bottles.

Headwall portion of the Tuckerman Ravine trail looking back.

The trail wound along to the base of The Headwall and then headed up at a precipitous angle, ascending through a narrow tumble of rock. This is the view looking back.

After about an hour of this, the trail flattened out and passed through an alpine meadow girding the brow of an immense glacial cirque.  In the near distance stood a mighty granite amphitheater down which spilled two slender waterfalls.  This is the feature known as The Headwall, the 1,850 foot bowl of Tuckerman Ravine.

The trail wound along to the base of The Headwall and then headed up at a precipitous angle, ascending through a narrow tumble of rock, damp with the mist of the waterfalls.  Each step and handhold needed to be considered before being initiated.  What had started out as hiking had turned into climbing.

Now the perspiration formed rivulets that traced down my brow.  My breath came in snatches.  I kept on.  Another hour passed.

View down Tuckerman Ravine from the top of the head wall.

Looking back, I could take in the whole vast expanse of the valley. It was stunning, laid out in the late morning sunlight.

Above the Tree Line

Interspersed among the rocks were patches of arctic sedge and wildflowers.  As I carried on, these punctuations of green became less frequent until the dominant feature was rock.

But the good news was that now I was above the tree line.  Looking back, I could take in the whole vast expanse of the valley.  It was stunning, yes, laid out in the late morning sunlight.  But now I noticed fog tumbling over the edge of the escarpment and felt the wind picking up.

Still, I was almost to the top.  I had surmounted The Headwall; how much more could it possibly be?

Looking ahead, I saw a measureless landscape of tumbled boulders, a spilled-out jumble of craggy blocks that disappeared gradually into the fog.  I kept going.

Fog rolling into Tuckerman Ravine.

Now I noticed fog tumbling over the edge of the escarpment and felt the wind picking up. It started getting colder.

Panic

The grade was no longer the problem.  The climbing here was not upward, but over.  Imagine yourself in an automobile graveyard, one with the cars spilled helter-skelter against each other in a random sprawl across hundreds of acres.  You would have to clamber over them to get from one side to the other.  This was what it was like.

The analogy fails, however, when you consider that cars come in different models.  These boulders were all pretty much the same, gray-green hulks of coarse-grained schist and quartzite, such that you could easily get lost among them, wandering off the trail.

Above the tree line on Mt. Washington, NH

Ahead I saw a measureless landscape of tumbled boulders, a spilled-out jumble of craggy blocks that disappeared gradually into the fog.

Below the tree line, the trail had been marked with painted blazes on trees and rocks.  Here a painted blaze would be lost, so the Forest Service had erected cairns, stacks of stones, to mark the trail and keep hikers from wandering off a cliff.  Nevertheless, the monotony of the landscape combined with the thickening fog made it difficult to stay on course.  At one point, after picking my way painstakingly through the rocks for awhile, I looked up to find no cairns.  A moment of panic set in.  Where the hell was I?

Finally, way off in the distance, glimpsed through a skein of fog, I made one out.  I kept a bead on it as I made my way back to the trail.

“I Hope You Have a Jacket”

Cairns marking the trail on Mt. Washington, NH

The Forest Service had erected cairns, stacks of stones, to mark the trail. Still, it was easy to get lost.

Now I saw a pair of hikers coming down from the top.  This was a good sign.  I was getting close, and it was a good thing, too, because I was getting damned tired.  I stopped to catch my breath and ask them how much further it was when one of them stopped and looked me over like I was crazy.  He said, “I hope you have a jacket.  It’s 43 degrees up there and the wind is blowing like hell.”

I was wearing a T-shirt and shorts.  I was damp with perspiration.  I didn’t answer him.  He shook his head dolefully and carried on.

For the first time I noticed how cold it was.  I could see my breath.  I hadn’t gotten too chilled up until now because I’d been working so hard, but now it occurred to me that I’d better keep pushing myself hard or my body temperature would plummet, and then I’d have real trouble.

Snow covered cairns on Mt. Washington

Without warning a snow storm could blow in, covering the rocks, making the footing treacherous.

When was this going to end?  Where was the top?  I’d been out here for hours now.  My muscles ached.  My legs felt rubbery.  And the monotony.  A giant step up, knee above the beltline, pitching forward, taking a handhold, hauling myself up and over, and then again – and again – and again.  Picking out a spot a hundred yards up, barely discernible in the fog, making my way arduously to it, and then looking ahead to more of the same.  Over and over.  And the temperature continued to drop.  And the wind to pick up.

I didn’t realize it at the time, but at any minute, even in summer, a snow storm could blow in, covering the rocks, making the footing treacherous.  A person could slip and fall, die of exposure.  It all depended on the fickle mood of the storm spirit.

Talking in Feet, Not Yards

Another pair of hikers came down.  People hiked in pairs around here.  Great idea.  I asked them how much further it was.

“About 2000 feet.”

Typical, I thought.  These guys talk in feet, like mountain climbers.  I had to do the math in my head, because I think in terms of yards, like a guy who sits in a recliner and watches football games.  That’s about 600 yards.  I had to go the length of six football fields to get to the top.  Six more football fields of this grueling moonscape.   I pressed on, only because going back was more frightening than going forward.

Steps to the summit of Mt. Washington, NH

Final steps leading to the summit of Mt. Washington. It was 43 degrees up here. 87 degrees down below.

Close to an hour later, I overtook another hiker, a young woman, panting and struggling through the rocks.  We stopped to talk.  “How much further do you think?” I asked.

She pointed ahead.  “I don’t know,” she said.  “But my boyfriend’s up there and he says it’s not far.”

I looked to where she was pointing and I could just make out his figure, a vague silhouette in the fog.  He was waving back at us, yelling something.   She was leaning forward, listening.  “He says there’s a car.”

“Huh?”

“He says there’s a car up there.”

Well, I thought.  That’s probably a good sign.  We carried on, and a few minutes later, we emerged above the rocky lip and found ourselves standing in a parking lot.

Malcolm Logan at the summit of Mt. Washington, NH

Malcolm Logan at the summit of Mt. Washington. I touched the sign and hurried inside before pneumonia set in.

The Summit

I couldn’t believe my eyes.  “There’s a road up here?”

“Yep,” she said.  “And the rest of this.”

The summit of Mt. Washington sports a complex consisting of five buildings.  A weather station, a TV transmission building, a former barracks, a stage station, and the summit building, which houses a cafeteria and museum.  A paved road and an antique cog railway spirit more sedentary types to the top so they can take pictures at the summit and tell their friends they’ve been there.

There’s also a short flight of wooden steps that ascends to the very peak, which is marked by a sign identifying it as the summit.

Mt. Washington summit 1860

In the 19th century Mt. Washington was infamous. Today you'd better do your homework if you want to know its true nature.

I went up there and waited, teeth chattering, the wind blowing like hell, while a group of tourists took pictures by the sign, and then I went over and laid my hand on it, completing my journey, and hustled inside before pneumonia set in.

I didn’t fancy the idea of hiking back down.  Fortunately, there’s a shuttle that runs from the stage stop, and I leaped at the chance for a ride to the bottom, even if it did cost $30.

A half hour later I was back in 87 degree temperatures and bright sunlight, dry, warm and happy.

I had survived my visit to the storm spirit.  What I had assumed would take 90 minutes had actually taken four and a half hours.  What the Internet had described as a “short, scenic, popular trail” had turned out to be an arduous ordeal to the peak of one of the world’s deadliest mountains.

Greeting the Storm Spirit

The storm spirit lives atop Mt. Washington. Beware of his shifting moods, even in summer.

Here’s what I learned.  Don’t trust the Internet. Just because a search result turns up number one on Google, doesn’t mean it’s necessarily accurate.  Poke around a little more.  See what other people are saying online.

If those of you reading this would comment on this post, it’ll help.  It’ll drive this post higher in the rankings so the next time some poor boob types in “great hiking in New Hampshire” it’ll return this assessment of Mt. Washington’s challenges.

Who knows, it may save someone’s life.

 

My American Odyssey Route

Previous stop on the odyssey: Palmerton, PA //
Next stop on the odyssey:  Danvers, MA

My American Odyssey Route Map

Click map to enlarge

 

About the author:  Malcolm Logan is a freelance writer who specializes in US travel and US history, designing one day driving tours, seeking out interesting US destinations and exploring US adventure travel.

 

Image credits:

All images by Malcolm Logan, except:  Mt. Washington in winter, W. Woods; Snow covered building, Frantz Ben Dale; From Mt. Washington looking north 1860, Public Domain; Snow covered rocks on Mt. Washington, Terrillja; Mt. Washington summit 1860, Public Domain; The storm spirit, Musubk